Bird Checklist

Below is a list of the Birds of India:

Credits: Wikipedia

The ones with the links on the scientific names are the ones that have been featured here on this website.


Order: Gaviiformes. Family: Gaviidae
Loons, known as "divers", in Europe, are a group of aquatic birds found in northern North America and northern Eurasia. They are the size of a large duck or small goose, which they somewhat resembles in shape when swimming, but they are completely unrelated to these waterfowl. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Black-throated Loon (Gavia arctica)


Little Grebe
Order: Podicipediformes. Family: Podicipedidae
Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Shearwaters and petrels

Order: Procellariiformes. Family: Procellariidae
The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in India.
Cape Petrel Daption capense
Mascarene Petrel Pseudobulweria aterrima (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton (2005))
Barau's Petrel Pterodroma baraui
Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's Petrel Bulweria fallax
Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas
Flesh-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus
Short-tailed Shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris
Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri
Persian Shearwater Puffinus persicus


Order: Procellariiformes. Family: Hydrobatidae
The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in India.
Wilson's Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-petrel Pelagodroma marina
Black-bellied Storm-petrel Fregetta tropica
White-bellied Storm-petrel Fregetta grallaria (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton 2006)
Swinhoe's Storm-petrel Oceanodroma monorhis
Matsudaira's Storm-petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton 2006)


Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Phaethontidae
Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus


Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Pelecanidae
Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus

Boobies and gannets

Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Sulidae
The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.
Abbott's Booby Sula abbotti (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen & Anderton 2006)
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
Red-footed Booby Sula sula
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster


Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Phalacrocoracidae
The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger


Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Anhingidae
Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster


Order: Pelecaniformes. Family: Fregatidae
Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel

Bitterns, herons and egrets

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Ardeidae
The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in India.
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
White-bellied Heron Ardea insignis
Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Goliath Heron Ardea goliath (A)
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Eastern Great Egret Ardea modesta
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
Western Reef-Heron Egretta gularis
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Pacific Reef Heron Egretta sacra
Indian Pond-Heron Ardeola grayii
Chinese Pond-Heron Ardeola bacchus
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis coromandus (Treated as a full species Bubulcus coromandus by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005 and sometimes called the Eastern Cattle Egret)
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Malayan Night-Heron Gorsachius melanolophus
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
Great Bittern Botaurus stellaris


Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Ciconiidae
Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Oriental Stork Ciconia boyciana (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton 2005)
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius

Ibises and spoonbills

Order: Ciconiiformes. Family: Threskiornithidae
The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.
Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia


Order: Phoenicopteriformes. Family: Phoenicopteridae
 Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor

Ducks, geese and swans

Order: Anseriformes. Family: Anatidae
The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 45 species which occur in India.

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Lesser Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna javanica
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala
Bean Goose Anser fabalis
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus
Greylag Goose Anser anser
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens (A) (Vagrant recorded once)
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis (Hypothetical)
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata
Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata (A)
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Falcated Duck Anas falcata
Gadwall Anas strepera
Baikal Teal Anas formosa
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
Andaman Teal Anas albogularis
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha
Chinese Spot-billed Duck Anas zonorhyncha
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Pink-headed Duck Netta caryophyllacea (Ex)
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Greater Scaup Aythya marila
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis (A)
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Smew Mergellus albellus
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator (A)
Common Merganser Mergus merganser
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus (race bewickii sometimes treated as a species)


Order: Falconiformes. Family: Pandionidae
The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.
Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, kites and eagles

Order: Falconiformes. Family: Accipitridae
Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 57 species which occur in India.
Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes
Oriental Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
Red Kite Milvus milvus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton 2005)
Black Kite Milvus migrans
Black-eared Kite Milvus migrans lineatus
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
White-bellied Sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Lesser Fish-eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
Grey-headed Fish-eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
Nicobar Serpent-eagle Spilornis klossi
Crested Serpent-eagle Spilornis cheela
Andaman Serpent-eagle Spilornis elgini
Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus (A) (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Shikra Accipiter badius
Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri
Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis
Besra Accipiter virgatus
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo (race vulpinus)
Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus (earlier treated under Buteo japonicus)
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina (Possible according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata (earlier treated as A. pomarina hastata)
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciatus
Booted Eagle Aquila pennata
Rufous-bellied Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii
Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus (Spizaetus restricted to the neotropics by Gjershaug et al., 2008)
Nisaetus limnaetus (split from cirrhatus by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nipalensis
Legge's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti


Order: Falconiformes. Family: Falconidae
Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.
Collared Falconet Microhierax caerulescens
Pied Falconet Microhierax melanoleucus
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis
Merlin Falco columbarius
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
Oriental Hobby Falco severus
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus
Laggar Falcon Falco jugger
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug
Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides (Specifically F. peregrinus babylonicus according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrines


Order: Galliformes. Family: Megapodiidae
The Megapodiidae are stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. All but the Malleefowl occupy jungle habitats, and most have brown or black colouring. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Nicobar Scrubfowl Megapodius nicobariensis

Pheasants and partridges

Order: Galliformes. Family: Phasianidae
The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowl, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 46 species which occur in India.
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa
Szecheny's Partridge Tetraophasis szechenyii (Hypothetical per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis
Chukar Alectoris chukar
See-see Partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus
Painted Francolin Francolinus pictus
Chinese Francolin Francolinus pintadeanus
Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis
Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae
Himalayan Quail Ophrysia superciliosa (Ex)
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica
Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis
Jungle Bush-Quail Perdicula asiatica
Rock Bush-Quail Perdicula argoondah (E)
Painted Bush-Quail Perdicula erythrorhyncha (E)
Manipur Bush-Quail Perdicula manipurensis (E)
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola
Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii
Rufous-throated Partridge Arborophila rufogularis
White-cheeked Partridge Arborophila atrogularis
Mountain Bamboo-Partridge Bambusicola fytchii
Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadicea (E)
Painted Spurfowl Galloperdix lunulata (E)
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra
Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii
Temminck's Tragopan Tragopan temminckii
Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus
Sclater's Monal Lophophorus sclateri
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii (E)
Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
White Eared-Pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilon (Possible according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi
Mrs. Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae
Grey Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)


Order: Gruiformes. Family: Turnicidae
The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails.The female is the brighter of the sexes, and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvatica
Yellow-legged Buttonquail Turnix tanki
Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator


Order: Gruiformes. Family: Gruidae
Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 5 species have been recorded from India.
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo
Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus (The population that wintered in India until 2002 is believed to be extinct)
Sarus Crane Grus antigone
Common Crane Grus grus
Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis
The Hooded Crane Grus monacha was included in many older lists but is considered as hypothetical by more recent workers.(Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)

Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots

Order: Gruiformes. Family: Rallidae
Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in India.
Andaman Crake Rallina canningi
Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides
Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
Corn Crake Crex crex (A)
Brown Crake Amaurornis akool
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Black-tailed Crake Amaurornis bicolor
Little Crake Porzana parva
Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca
Watercock Gallicrex cinerea
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio (ssp. P. p. poliocephalus raised to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra


Order: Gruiformes. Family: Heliornithidae
The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata


Order: Gruiformes. Family: Otididae
Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips, and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in India.
Great Bustard Otis tarda (Recorded only in NW Pakistan, Afghanistan)
Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps (E)
Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata (race macqueeni raised to full species and not found in region)
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus (syn. Eupodotis indica)
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Jacanidae
The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

Painted snipe

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Rostratulidae
Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis

Crab Plover

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Dromadidae
The Crab Plover is related to the waders. It resembles a plover but with very long grey legs and a strong heavy black bill similar to a tern. It has black and white plumage, a long neck, partially webbed feet and a bill designed for eating crabs.
Crab Plover Dromas ardeola


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Haematopodidae
The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Ibidorhynchidae
The Ibisbill is a bird related to the waders, but sufficiently distinctive to merit its own family. The adult is grey with a white belly, red legs and long down curved bill, and a black face and black breast band.
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Avocets and stilts

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Recurvirostridae
Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Burhinidae
The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus
Great Thick-knee Burhinus recurvirostris
Beach Thick-knee Burhinus magnirostris

Pratincoles and coursers

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Glareolidae
Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in India.
Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor
Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus
Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus (E)
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea

Plovers and lapwings

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Charadriidae
The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in India.
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii
Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius
White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva
American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
European Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Long-billed Plover Charadrius placidus
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus
Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus
Black-fronted Dotterel Elseyornis melanops (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)

Sandpipers and allies

Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Scolopacidae
The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 43 species which occur in India.

Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala
Great Snipe Gallinago media
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus (A)
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Also Limosa limosa melanuroides (coastal and possibly a full species according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Grey-tailed Tattler Heterosceles brevipes (A)
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris
Red Knot Calidris canutus (A)
Sanderling Calidris alba
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos (A)
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata (A)
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus (A)
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis (A)
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius (A)


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Stercorariidae
The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.
South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
Brown Skua Catharcta Antarctica


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Laridae
Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and around 11 species which occur in India. The identity of some species earlier included under Herring Gull are now questioned.
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii
Common Gull Larus canus
Herring Gull Larus argentatus (Species boundary not well defined and is part of a complex)
Heuglin's Gull Larus heuglini
Steppe Gull Larus heuglini barabensis
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Great Black-headed Gull Larus ichthyaetus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Relict Gull Larus relictus (Possible according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei
Little Gull Larus minutus
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Sternidae
Terns are a group of generally general medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in India.
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Great Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii
River Tern Sterna aurantia
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii
Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
Little Tern Sterna albifrons
Saunders's Tern Sterna saundersi
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus
Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Black Tern Chlidonias niger (Hypothetical according to Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Lesser Noddy Anous tenuirostris
Black Noddy Anous minutus
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus
White Tern Gygis alba


Order: Charadriiformes. Family: Rynchopidae
Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis


Order: Pterocliformes. Family: Pteroclidae
Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. There are 16 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India. India has the largest number of sandgrouse of any country.
Tibetan Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes tibetanus
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata
Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis
Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse Pterocles lichtensteinii
Painted Sandgrouse Pterocles indicus

Pigeons and doves

Order: Columbiformes. Family: Columbidae
Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 28 species which occur in India.
Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Hill Pigeon Columba rupestris
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota
Pale-backed Pigeon Columba eversmanni
Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
Speckled Wood Pigeon Columba hodgsonii
Ashy Wood Pigeon Columba pulchricollis
Nilgiri Wood Pigeon Columba elphinstonii (E)
Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea
Andaman Wood Pigeon Columba palumboides
Oriental Turtle-Dove Streptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Red Collared-Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis
Barred Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia unchall
Andaman Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia rufipennis
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica
Orange-breasted Green Pigeon Treron bicinctus
Grey-fronted Green Pigeon Treron affinis (in some classifications it is split from Treron pompadora which is resident in Sri Lanka)
Ashy-headed Green Pigeon Treron phayrei (raised to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Thick-billed Green Pigeon Treron curvirostra
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicopterus
Pin-tailed Green Pigeon Treron apicauda
Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon Treron sphenurus
Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea
Nicobar Imperial Pigeon Ducula nicobarica (raised to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Mountain Imperial-Pigeon Ducula badia
Pied Imperial-Pigeon Ducula bicolour

Parrots and allies

Order: Psittaciformes. Family: Psittacidae
Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in India.
Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana
Grey-headed Parakeet Psittacula finschii
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala
Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata
Blue-winged Parakeet Psittacula columboides (Endemic)
Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
Nicobar Parakeet Psittacula caniceps
Long-tailed Parakeet Psittacula longicauda
Vernal Hanging-Parrot Loriculus vernalis


Order: Cuculiformes. Family: Cuculidae
The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Many are brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in India.

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus
Chestnut-winged Cuckoo Clamator coromandus
Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides
Common Hawk-Cuckoo Hieroccycx varius
Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor (also called Whistling Hawk-Cuckoo)
Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratiistre
Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus
Asian Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus
Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Asian Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
Surniculus dicruroides (Fork-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo)
Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris
Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii
Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Andaman Coucal Centropus andamanensis
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis

Barn owls

Order: Strigiformes. Family: Tytonidae
Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Australasian Grass-Owl Tyto longimembris
Barn Owl Tyto alba
Andaman Barn Owl Tyto deroepstorffi (raised to full species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Oriental Bay-Owl Phodilus badius (Eastern Himalayas)
Ceylon Bay-Owl Phodilus assimilis (Western Ghats race ripleyi and Sri Lankan race assimilis included here by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)

Typical owls

Order: Strigiformes. Family: Strigidae
Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in India.
Andaman Scops-Owl Otus balli
Mountain Scops-Owl Otus spilocephalus
Indian Scops-Owl Otus bakkamoena
Collared Scops-Owl Otus lettia
Pallid Scops-Owl Otus brucei
Oriental Scops-Owl Otus sunia
Nicobar Scops-Owl Otus alius
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo
Indian Eagle-Owl Bubo bengalensis
Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis
Dusky Eagle-Owl Bubo coromandus
Brown Fish-Owl Ketupa zeylonensis
Tawny Fish-Owl Ketupa flavipes
Buffy Fish-Owl Ketupa ketupu
Mottled Wood-Owl Strix ocellata
Brown Wood-Owl Strix leptogrammica
Tawny Owl Strix aluco
Himalayan Wood-Owl Strix nivicola (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei
Asian Barred Owlet Glaucidium cuculoides
Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum
Spotted Owlet Athene brama
Forest Owlet Athene blewitti (E)
Little Owl Athene noctua
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus
Andaman Hawk-Owl Ninox affinis
Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata
Hume's Hawk-Owl Ninox obscura (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus


Order: Caprimulgiformes. Family: Podargidae
The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bills and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Ceylon Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger
Hodgson's Frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni


Order: Caprimulgiformes. Family: Caprimulgidae
Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.
Great Eared-Nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis
Indian Jungle Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus
Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus jotaka (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
Sykes's Nightjar Caprimulgus mahrattensis
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Andaman Nightjar Caprimulgus andamanicus (E)
Jerdon's Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus
Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis


Order: Apodiformes. Family: Apodidae
Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in India.
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta
Indian Swiftlet Aerodramus unicolor
Himalayan Swiftlet Aerodramus brevirostris
Black-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus maximus
Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus
White-rumped Needletail Zoonavena sylvatica
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus
Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis
Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus
Asian Palm-Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
Common Swift Apus apus
Pallid Swift Apus pallidus
Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus
Dark-rumped Swift Apus acuticauda
Little Swift Apus affinis (House Swift Apus nipalensis needs study per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)


Order: Apodiformes. Family: Hemiprocnidae
The treeswifts or crested swifts are aerial near passerine birds, closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronate


Order: Trogoniformes. Family: Trogonidae
The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus
Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
Ward's Trogon Harpactes wardi


Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Alcedinidae
Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in India.
Blyth's Kingfisher Alcedo hercules
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting
Black-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca
Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa (Accidental from 'Sikkim terai' - included by Rasmussen and Anderton,2005)
Brown-winged Kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera
Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata
Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
Crested Kingfisher Ceryle lugubris
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis


Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Meropidae
The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in India.
Blue-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis athertoni
Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaultia

Typical rollers

Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Coraciidae
Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
European Roller Coracias garrulus
Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis


Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Upupidae
Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Hoopoe Upupa epops


Order: Coraciiformes. Family: Bucerotidae
Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in India.
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus (E)
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris
Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus
Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis
Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus austeni
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis
Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulatus
Narcondam Hornbill Aceros narcondami


Order: Piciformes. Family: Capitonidae
The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.
Great Barbet Megalaima virens
Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
White-cheeked Barbet Megalaima viridis (E)
Golden-throated Barbet Megalaima franklinii
Blue-throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica
Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis
Malabar Barbet Megalaima malabarica (Western Ghats only, split by Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) with the Crimson-fronted Barbet Megalaima rubricapillus referring to the Sri Lankan species Rasmussen )
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala


Order: Piciformes. Family: Indicatoridae
Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the behaviour of the Greater Honeyguide which leads large animals to bees' nests and then feeds on the wax once the animal has broken the nest open to get at the honey. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: Piciformes. Family: Picidae
Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in India.
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus
White-browed Piculet Sasia ochracea
Brown-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus
Grey-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos canicapillus
Brown-fronted Woodpecker Dendrocopos auriceps
Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei
Spot-breasted Pied Woodpecker Dendrocopos analis (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Stripe-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos atratus
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis
Crimson-breasted Woodpecker Dendrocopos cathpharius
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Sind Woodpecker Dendrocopos assimilis
Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis
Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus
White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis
Andaman Woodpecker Dryocopus hodgei
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker Hypopicus hyperythrus
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha
Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus
Streak-breasted Woodpecker Picus viridanus (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus
Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus squamatus
Grey-faced Woodpecker Picus canus
Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii
Common Flameback Dinopium javanense
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense
White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus
Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Heart-spotted Woodpecker Hemicircus canente
Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Eurylaimidae
The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests. There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae
Silver-breasted Broadbill Serilophus lunatus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pittidae
Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. They are spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey which they find there. There are 32 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.
Blue-naped Pitta Pitta nipalensis
Blue Pitta Pitta cyanea
Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida
Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura
Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha (A)


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Alaudidae
Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in India.
Singing Bushlark Mirafra cantillans
Indian Bushlark Mirafra erythroptera
Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica
Jerdon's Bushlark Mirafra affinis
Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix nigriceps
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix griseus
Rufous-tailed Lark Ammomanes phoenicura (E)
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti
Bimaculated Lark Melanocorypha bimaculata
Tibetan Lark Melanocorypha maxima
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Hume's Short-toed Lark Calandrella acutirostris
Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens
Sand Lark Calandrella raytal
Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Malabar Lark Galerida malabarica (E)
Sykes's Lark Galerida deva (E)
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula
Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris
Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes

Swallows and martins

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Hirundinidae
The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.
Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Pale Sand Martin Riparia diluta
Grey-throated Sand Martin Riparia chinensis usually treated under Plain Martin Riparia paludicola
Eurasian Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Pale Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta (usually treated under Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne fuligula )
Dusky Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne concolor
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica
Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata
Streak-throated Swallow Hirundo fluvicola
House Martin Delichon urbicum
Asian Martin Delichon dasypus
Nepal Martin Delichon nipalense

Wagtails and pipits

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Motacillidae
The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in India.
Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Oriental Pipit (Paddyfield Pipit) Anthus rufulus
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
Blyth's Pipit Anthus godlewskii
Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi
Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
Upland Pipit Anthus sylvanus
American Pipit Anthus rubescens
Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis (E)


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Campephagidae
The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.
Large Cuckoo-shrike Coracina macei
Andaman Cuckoo-shrike Coracina dobsoni (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005 from Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina striata)
Black-winged Cuckoo-shrike Coracina melaschistos
Black-headed Cuckoo-shrike Coracina melanoptera
Pied Triller Lalage nigra
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus
Ashy Minivet Pericrocotus divaricatus
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
White-bellied Minivet Pericrocotus erythropygius
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris
Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus speciosus (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Prionopidae
The woodshrikes are similar in build to the shrikes. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
Malabar Woodshrike Tephrodornis sylvicola (Western Ghats race split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Bombycillidae
The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterized by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulous

Grey Hypocolius

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Hypocoliidae
The Grey Hypocolius is a small Middle Eastern bird. They are mainly a uniform grey color, with males having a black triangular mask around the eyes, and with the shape and soft plumage of the waxwings.
Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus

Monarch flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Monarchidae
The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradise

Whistlers and allies

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pachycephalidae
The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and Crested Bellbird. There are 57 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala grisola


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Rhipiduridae
The Fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.
Yellow-bellied Fantail Rhipidura hypoxantha
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
White-spotted Fantail Rhipidura albogularis (E)
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Pycnonotidae
Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.There are 130 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in India.
Crested Finchbill Spizixos canifrons
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus
Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus (E)
Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
Andaman Bulbul Pycnonotus fuscoflavescens (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Flame-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus gularis (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005 with Pycnonotus melanicterus restricted to the Black-capped Bulbul endemic to Sri Lanka)
Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis
White-cheeked Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus (E)
Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus
White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus
Olive Bulbul Iole virescens
Yellow-browed Bulbul Iole indica
Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
Mountain Bulbul Hypsipetes mcclellandi
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus
Square-tailed Black Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Nicobar Bulbul Hypsipetes nicobariensis


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Aegithinidae
The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in coloration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. There are 4 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
White-tailed Iora Aegithina nigrolutea


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Chloropseidae
The Leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.
Blue-winged Leafbird Chloropsis cochinchinensis
Jerdon's Leafbird Chloropsis jerdoni (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Laniidae
Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Rufous-tailed Shrike Lanius isabellinus
Rufous Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
Philippine Shrike L. c. lucionensis
Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides
Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Cinclidae
Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Regulidae
The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice. There are 7 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Goldcrest Regulus regulus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Troglodytidae
The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 1 species which occurs in India.
Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Prunellidae
The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. They are small, fairly drab species superficially similar to sparrows. There are 13 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in India.
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris
Himalayan Accentor Prunella himalayana
Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata
Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens
Black-throated Accentor Prunella atrogularis
Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculate

Thrushes and allies

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Turdidae
The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 34 species which occur in India.

Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush Monticola saxatilis
Blue-capped Rock-Thrush Monticola cinclorhynchus
Chestnut-bellied Rock-Thrush Monticola rufiventris
Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius
Pied Thrush Zoothera wardii
Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina
Siberian Thrush Zoothera sibirica
Plain-backed Thrush Zoothera mollissima
Long-tailed Thrush Zoothera dixoni
Scaly Thrush Zoothera dauma
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola
Dark-sided Thrush Zoothera marginata
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor
Black-breasted Thrush Turdus dissimilis
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
Indian Blackbird Turdus simillimus (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Chestnut Thrush Turdus rubrocanus
White-backed Thrush Turdus kessleri
Grey-sided Thrush Turdus feae
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus
Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis
Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Dusky Thrush Turdus euonomus (earlier included in Turdus naumanni - Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra
Gould's Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus (=Brachypteryx stellatus)
Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana
White-bellied Shortwing or Nilgiri Blue Robin Myiomela major (earlier Brachypteryx major) (E) Split with genus revision by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
White-bellied Blue Robin Myiomela albiventris (earlier Brachypteryx major albiventris)
Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii (E)
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus
Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea
Green Cochoa Cochoa viridis

Old World flycatchers

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Muscicapidae
Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 89 species which occur in India.
Brown-chested Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias brunneata
Nicobar Jungle-flycatcher Rhinomyias nicobaricus (Split by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Siberian Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica
Rusty-tailed Flycatcher Muscicapa ruficauda
Brown-breasted Flycatcher Muscicapa muttui
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia
Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula hodgsonii
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla
Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
White-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula monileger
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor
Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa (E)
Sapphire Flycatcher Ficedula sapphira
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassinus
Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus (E)
Large Niltava Niltava grandis
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara
Vivid Niltava Niltava vivida (Rasmussen and Anderton suggest possible elevation of N. vivida oatesi)
White-tailed Flycatcher Cyornis concretus
White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes (E)
Pale-chinned Blue Flycatcher Cyornis poliogenys
Pale Blue Flycatcher Cyornis unicolor
Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides
Hill Blue Flycatcher Cyornis banyumas
Large Blue Flycatcher Cyornis magnirostris (Elevated to species by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Tickell's Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
Pygmy Blue Flycatcher Muscicapella hodgsoni
Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos (A? one historic specimen from Oudh)
Siberian Rubythroat Luscinia calliope
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Firethroat Luscinia pectardens
Indian Blue Robin Luscinia brunnea
Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane
Red-flanked Bluetail (or Red-flanked Bush-Robin) Tarsiger cyanurus
Himalayan Bluetail (or Himalayan Red-flanked Bush-Robin) Tarsiger rufilatus (Elevated by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Golden Bush-Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus
White-browed Bush-Robin Tarsiger indicus
Rufous-breasted Bush-Robin Tarsiger hyperythrus
Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas galactotes
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis
White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus
Andaman Shama Copsychus albiventris
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus
Rufous-backed Redstart Phoenicurus erythronotus
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps
Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogaster
Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis
White-capped Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus
Plumbeous Redstart Rhyacornis fuliginosa
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides
White-tailed Robin Myiomela leucura (=Cinclidium leucurum)
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maura (Saxicola maurus per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Blue-fronted Robin Cinclidium frontale
Grandala Grandala coelicolor
Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri
Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
Spotted Forktail Enicurus maculatus
White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhyncha
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis
White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucura (leucurus per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
Jerdon's Bushchat Saxicola jerdoni
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferrea (ferreus per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha
Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe alboniger (albonigra per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii
Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka
Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia (Elevated from Oenanthe xanthoprymna race by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina
Indian Chat Cercomela fusca


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Timaliidae
The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide and 117 species which occur in India. India has the largest number of babblers of any country and this represents the largest bird family grouping in any country outside of South America.

White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis
White-crested Laughingthrush Garrulax leucolophus
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis
Striated Laughingthrush Garrulax striatus (=Grammatoptila striata per Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Rufous-necked Laughingthrush Garrulax ruficollis (=Dryonastes ruficollis)
Chestnut-backed Laughingthrush Garrulax nuchalis (=Dryonastes nuchalis)
Yellow-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax galbanus (=Dryonastes galbanus)
Wynaad Laughingthrush Garrulax delesserti (E) (=Dryonastes delesserti)
Rufous-vented Laughingthrush Garrulax gularis (=Dryonastes gularis)
Moustached Laughingthrush Garrulax cineraceus (=Ianthocincla cineracea)
Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush Garrulax rufogularis (=Ianthocincla rufogularis)
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus (=Ianthocincla ocellata)
Grey-sided Laughingthrush Garrulax caerulatus (=Dryonastes caerulatus)
Spot-breasted Laughingthrush Garrulax merulinus (=Stactocichla merulina)
White-browed Laughingthrush Garrulax sannio (=Dryonastes sannio)
Rufous-breasted Laughingthrush or Black-chinned Laughingthrush Strophocincla cachinnans (E) (=Trochalopteron cachinnans)
Kerala Laughingthrush Garrulax fairbanki (E)
Streaked Laughingthrush Garrulax lineatus (=Trochalopteron lineatum)
Bhutan Laughingthrush Trochalopteron imbricatum (Elevated by Rasmussen and Anderton, 2005)
Striped Laughingthrush Garrulax virgatus (=Trochalopteron virgatum)
Scaly Laughingthrush Garrulax subunicolor (=Trochalopteron subunicolor)
Brown-capped Laughingthrush Garrulax austeni (=Ianthocincla austeni)
Blue-winged Laughingthrush Garrulax squamatus (=Trochalopteron squamatum)
Variegated Laughingthrush Garrulax variegatus (=Trochalopteron variegatum)
Prince Henry's Laughingthrush Garrulax henrici (Hypothetical per Rasmussen & Anderton, 2005)
Black-faced Laughingthrush Garrulax affinis (=Trochalopteron affine)
Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush Garrulax erythrocephalus (=Trochalopteron erythrocephalum)
Red-faced Liocichla Liocichla phoenicea
Bugun Liocichla Liocichla bugunorum
Abbott's Babbler Malacocincla abbotti
Marsh Babbler Pellorneum palustre (E)
Buff-breasted Babbler Pellorneum tickelli
Spot-throated Babbler Pellorneum albiventre
Puff-throated Babbler Pellorneum ruficeps
Large Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus hypoleucos
Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
Indian Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus horsfieldii
White-browed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus schisticeps
Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis
Red-billed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps
Coral-billed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus ferruginosus
Slender-billed Scimitar-Babbler Xiphirhynchus superciliaris
Long-billed Wren-babbler Rimator malacoptilus
Streaked Wren-babbler Napothera brevicaudata
Eyebrowed Wren-babbler Napothera epilepidota
Scaly-breasted Wren-babbler Pnoepyga albiventer
Immaculate Wren-babbler Pnoepyga immaculata (E) (also called Nepal Wren-babbler)
Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
Rufous-throated Wren-babbler Spelaeornis caudatus
Mishmi Wren-babbler Spelaeornis badeigularis (E)
Bar-winged Wren-babbler Spelaeornis troglodytoides
Spotted Wren-babbler Spelaeornis formosus
Long-tailed Wren-babbler Spelaeornis chocolatinus
Grey-bellied Wren-babbler Spelaeornis reptatus (Elevated by Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
Chin Hills Wren-babbler Spelaeornis oatesi (Elevated by Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
Tawny-breasted Wren-babbler Spelaeornis longicaudatus (E)
Wedge-billed Wren-babbler Sphenocichla humei
Cachar Wedge-billed Babbler Sphenocichla roberti (Elevated by Rasmussen & Anderton 2005)
Buff-chested Babbler Stachyris ambigua
Rufous-fronted Babbler Stachyris rufifrons
Rufous-capped Babbler Stachyris ruficeps
Black-chinned Babbler Stachyris pyrrhops
Golden Babbler Stachyris chrysaea
Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Snowy-throated Babbler Stachyris oglei (E)
White-necked Babbler Stachyris leucotis
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra
Dark-fronted Babbler Rhopocichla atriceps
Striped Tit-Babbler Macronus gularis (= Macronous gularis)
Chestnut-capped Babbler Timalia pileata
Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense
Jerdon's Babbler Chrysomma altirostre
Common Babbler Turdoides caudatus (T. caudata spelling emendation - Rasmussen & Anderton, 2005)
Striated Babbler Turdoides earlei
Slender-billed Babbler Turdoides longirostris
Large Grey Babbler Turdoides malcolmi
Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa (E)
Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata
Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis
Chinese Babax Babax lanceolatus
Mount Victoria Babax Babax lanceolatus woodi (Possibly a full species to be separated from the Chinese Babax)
Giant Babax Babax waddelli
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea
Cutia Cutia nipalensis
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer
White-browed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus
Black-eared Shrike-babbler Pteruthius melanotis
Chestnut-fronted Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aenobarbus
White-hooded Babbler Gampsorhynchus rufulus
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni
Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis
Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Alcippe chrysotis
Yellow-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinerea
Rufous-winged Fulvetta Alcippe castaneceps
White-browed Fulvetta Alcippe vinipectus
Streak-throated Fulvetta Alcippe cinereiceps
Manipur Fulvetta Alcippe manipurensis (Split from an extralimital species)
Ludlow's Fulvetta Alcippe ludlowi
Rufous-throated Fulvetta Alcippe rufogularis
Dusky Fulvetta Alcippe brunnea
Rusty-capped Fulvetta Alcippe dubia
Quaker Babbler Alcippe poioicephala
Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis
Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectens
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella
Long-tailed Sibia Heterophasia picaoides
Striated Yuhina Yuhina castaniceps
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri
Whiskered Yuhina Yuhina flavicollis
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis
Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis
Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta
White-bellied Erpornis Erpornis zantholeuca
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura

Cisticolas and allies

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Cisticolidae
The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. There are 111 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in India.

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis
Streaked Scrub-Warbler Scotocerca inquieta
Rufous-vented Prinia Prinia burnesii
Swamp Prinia Prinia cinerascens
Striated Prinia Prinia criniger
Hill Prinia Prinia atrogularis
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla
Rufous-fronted Prinia Prinia buchanani
Rufescent Prinia Prinia rufescens
Grey-breasted Prinia Prinia hodgsonii
Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis
Plain Prinia Prinia inornata

Old World warblers

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Sylviidae
The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 88 species which occur in India.

Chestnut-headed Tesia Tesia castaneocoronata
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer
Manchurian Bush-Warbler Cettia canturians
Pale-footed Bush-Warbler Cettia pallidipes
Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler Cettia fortipes
Chestnut-crowned Bush-Warbler Cettia major
Aberrant Bush-Warbler Cettia flavolivacea
Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler Cettia acanthizoides
Grey-sided Bush-Warbler Cettia brunnifrons
Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti
Spotted Bush-Warbler Bradypterus thoracicus
Long-billed Bush-Warbler Bradypterus major
Chinese Bush-Warbler Bradypterus tacsanowskius
Russet Bush-Warbler Bradypterus seebohmi
Brown Bush-Warbler Bradypterus luteoventris
Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata
Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia
Pallas's Warbler Locustella certhiola
Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Black-browed Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus bistrigiceps
Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola
Blunt-winged Warbler Acrocephalus concinens
Blyth's Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
Great Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Oriental Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis (A)
Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus
Large-billed Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus orinus
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon
Booted Warbler Iduna caligata
Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida
Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus
Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis
Crested Tit-warbler Leptopoecile elegans
White-browed Tit-Warbler Leptopoecile sophiae
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Mountain Chiffchaff Phylloscopus sindianus
Plain Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus neglectus
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer
Tickell's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus affinis
Buff-throated Warbler Phylloscopus subaffinis (A)
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus
Radde's Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis
Lemon-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus
Pale-rumped Warbler Phylloscopus chloronotus
Brooks's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus subviridis
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides
Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes
Large-billed Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris
Tytler's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus tytleri
Western Crowned Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis
Eastern Crowned Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus
Blyth's Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus reguloides
Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator
Golden-spectacled Warbler Seicercus burkii
Grey-hooded Warbler Seicercus xanthoschistos
White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus affinis
Grey-cheeked Warbler Seicercus poliogenys
Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps
Rufous-faced Warbler Abroscopus albogularis
Yellow-bellied Warbler Abroscopus superciliaris
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps
Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni
Striated Grassbird Megalurus palustris
Bristled Grassbird Chaetornis striatus
Rufous-rumped Grassbird Graminicola bengalensis
Broad-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola platyura (E)
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Small Whitethroat Sylvia minula
Hume's Whitethroat Sylvia althaea
Asian Desert Warbler Sylvia nana
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria
Eastern Orphean Warbler Sylvia crassirostris
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata
Grey-crowned Warbler Seicercus tephrocephalus
Whistler's Warbler Seicercus whistleri


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Paradoxornithidae
The parrotbills are a group of birds native to East and Southeast Asia, though feral populations are known from elsewhere. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitats. There are 20 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.
Great Parrotbill Conostoma oemodium
Brown Parrotbill Paradoxornis unicolor
Grey-headed Parrotbill Paradoxornis gularis
Black-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris
Spot-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis guttaticollis
Fulvous Parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons
Black-throated Parrotbill Paradoxornis nipalensis
Black-browed Parrotbill Paradoxornis atrosuperciliaris
Rufous-headed Parrotbill Paradoxornis ruficeps

Long-tailed tits

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Aegithalidae
Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.
White-cheeked Tit Aegithalos leucogenys
Black-throated Tit Aegithalos concinnus
White-throated Tit Aegithalos niveogularis
Rufous-fronted Tit Aegithalos iouschistos


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Paridae
The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 14 species which occur in India.
Coal Tit Periparus ater
Black-breasted Tit Periparus rufonuchalis
Rufous-vented Tit Periparus rubidiventris
Black-crested Tit Periparus melanolophus
Grey-crested Tit Lophophanes dichrous
Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus
White-winged Tit Parus nuchalis (E)
Black-lored Tit Parus xanthogenys
Yellow-cheeked Tit Parus spilonotus
Indian Yellow Tit Parus aplonotus (E)
Yellow-breasted Tit Cyanistes flavipectus
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus
Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea
Hume's Ground Tit Pseudopodoces humilis


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Sittidae
Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in India.
Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch Sitta castanea
Sitta castanea (Indian Nuthatch) and Sitta cinnamoventris (Split by Rasmussen & Anderton, 2005)
Chestnut-vented Nuthatch Sitta nagaensis
Kashmir Nuthatch Sitta cashmirensis
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis
White-cheeked Nuthatch Sitta leucopsis
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
Beautiful Nuthatch Sitta Formosa


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Tichodromidae
The Wallcreeper is a small bird with stunning crimson, grey and black plumage, related to the nuthatch family.
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Certhiidae
Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.
Himalayan Treecreeper Certhia himalayana
Nepal Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis
Sikkim Treecreeper or Brown-throated Treecreeper, Certhia discolor
Manipur Treecreeper, Certhia manipurensis
Spotted Creeper Salpornis spilonotus

Penduline tits

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Remizidae
The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in India.
Eurasian Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus (includes macronyx)
White-crowned Penduline Tit Remiz coronatus
Fire-capped Tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps

Sunbirds and spiderhunters

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Nectariniidae
The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in India.

Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica
Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima (E)
Purple-throated Sunbird Leptocoma sperata
Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus
Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
Long-billed Sunbird Cinnyris lotenius
Gould's Sunbird Aethopyga gouldiae
Green-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga nipalensis
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata
Vigors's Sunbird Aethopyga vigorsii (E)
Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda
Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Dicaeidae
The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. There are 44 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in India.
Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum melanoxanthum
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos
Nilgiri Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor
Andaman Flowerpecker Dicaeum virescens
Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus
Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Zosteropidae
The white-eyes are small and are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either some dull color like greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests many species have a white ring around the eyes. There are 96 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

Old World orioles

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Oriolidae
The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in India.
Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Indian Golden Oriole Oriolus kundoo (Split suggested)
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
Slender-billed Oriole Oriolus tenuirostris
Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Irenidae
The Fairy-bluebirds are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in India.
Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Dicruridae
The drongos are mostly are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.
Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens
Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectans
Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
Andaman Drongo Dicrurus andamanensis
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Artamidae
The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in India.
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus
White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus

Crows, jays, ravens and magpies

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Corvidae
The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behaviour. There are 120 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in India.
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus
Gold-billed Magpie Urocissa flavirostris
Blue Magpie Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Green Magpie Cissa chinensis
Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae
White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra (E)
Collared Treepie Dendrocitta frontalis
Andaman Treepie Dendrocitta bayleyi
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
Eurasian Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Daurian Jackdaw Corvus dauuricus
House Crow Corvus splendens
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Carrion Crow Corvus corone
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos (C. m. japonensis)
Indian Jungle Crow Corvus culminatus
Eastern Jungle Crow Corvus levaillantii
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis
Common Raven Corvus corax


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Sturnidae
Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in India.

Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis
Spot-winged Starling Saroglossa spiloptera
Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus
Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica
White-vented Myna Acridotheres grandis
Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
Collared Myna Acridotheres albocinctus
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Asian Pied Starling Gracupica contra
Daurian Starling Sturnia sturnina
White-shouldered Starling Sturnia sinensis (A)
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica
Malabar Starling Sturnia blythii[13]
White-headed Starling Temenuchus erythropygius
Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum
Rosy Starling Sturnus roseus
European Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Weavers and allies

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Ploceidae
The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. There are 116 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in India.
Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar
Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus
Yellow Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus
Bengal Weaver Ploceus benghalensis

Waxbills and allies

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Estrildidae
The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in India.
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa (E)
White-throated Munia Euodice malabarica
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata
Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Tricoloured Munia Lonchura malacca
Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla
Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora (I)


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Emberizidae
The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 18 species which occur in India.
Crested Bunting Melophus lathami
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
Godlewski's Bunting Emberiza godlewskii
Grey-hooded Bunting Emberiza buchanani
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
Chestnut-breasted Bunting Emberiza stewarti
House Bunting Emberiza striolata
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola
Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala
Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra (A)

Siskins, crossbills and allies

Order: Passeriformes. Family: Fringillidae
Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 44 species which occur in India.
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Plain Mountain-Finch Leucosticte nemoricola
Black-headed Mountain-Finch Leucosticte brandti
Tawny-headed Mountain-Finch Leucosticte sillemi
Crimson-browed Finch Pinicola subhimachalus
Crimson Rosefinch Carpodacus rubescens
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Carpodacus nipalensis
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochrous
Vinaceous Rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus
Dark-rumped Rosefinch Carpodacus edwardsii
Spot-winged Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodopeplus
White-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus thura
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys
Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus
Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Carduelis spinoides
Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Twite Carduelis flavirostris
Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus
Tibetan Serin Serinus thibetanus
Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis
Orange Bullfinch Pyrrhula aurantiaca
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala
Grey-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythaca
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Black-and-yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes
Gold-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta
Spectacled Finch Callacanthis burtoni
Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguinea
Mongolian Finch Rhodopechys mongolica
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githaginea
Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta
Scarlet Finch Haematospiza sipahi
{The Black-headed Greenfinch Carduelis ambigua was included in older lists but Rasmussen and Anderton (2005) consider this as hypothetical)


Order: Passeriformes. Family: Passeridae
Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in India.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
Sind Sparrow Passer pyrrhonotus
Cinnamon Sparrow Passer rutilans
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
Yellow-throated Sparrow Petronia xanthocollis
Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia
Black-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla adamsi
White-rumped Snowfinch Montifringilla taczanowskii
Pere David's Snowfinch Montifringilla davidiana
Rufous-necked Snowfinch Montifringilla ruficollis (=Pyrgilauda ruficollis)
Plain-backed Snowfinch Montifringilla blanfordi (=Pyrgilauda blanfordi)

  • (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in India.

  • (E) Endemic A species endemic to India.

  • (I) Introduced A species introduced to India as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.

  • (Ex) Extirpated A species that no longer occurs in India although populations exist elsewhere.